Macular Degeneration Treatment in Newark, DE
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a chronic eye disease that may affect one or both eyes and causes central vision loss. It is the leading cause of blindness after age 50. While side vision remains clear, the central, sharp vision is affected by either dry or wet macular degeneration. For the diagnosis and treatment of AMD, schedule an appointment with your doctor at Eye Care of Delaware.
Macular Degeneration Symptoms
Dry Macular Degeneration, the most common type, occurs when cells under the macula break down and create deposits called drusen which can blur your vision. Dry AMD usually develops slowly over time; so, in the early stages, changes in vision may be hard to notice. Over time, your central vision slowly worsens.
Symptoms of Dry AMD may include:
- Bright light needed when doing close work
- Print appearing more and more blurry
- Colors appearing less bright
- Trouble distinguishing between dark colors
- Hazy vision
- A blind spot in the center of your vision
- Shadows or missing areas of vision
Wet macular degeneration is less common, but more serious because vision loss is quick and severe. Wet AMD occurs when certain proteins called VEGF-A cause abnormal blood vessel growth in the back of the eye. As the blood vessels grow, they can leak blood and fluid which damage the macula. Although only 10% of people with dry AMD will get wet AMD, it is a major cause of central vision loss in adults. If wet AMD is caught early, treatment may help slow further vision loss.
Symptoms of Wet AMD may include:
Visual distortions such as:
- Straight lines or faces appearing wavy
- Doorways seeming crooked
- Objects appearing smaller or far away
Do I Have Macular Degeneration?
Even if you have macular degeneration, the good news is that this disease does not cause total blindness. To make the most of your vision, get regular eye exams and monitor your vision.
During your examination, some of the following tests will be performed:
- Dilated eye exam: Drops are used to dilate your eyes. Then, using a special lens, the doctor will look at the back of your eye for damage.
- Vision check using the Snellen eye chart: This chart measures how well each eye can see. The further down you can see on the eye chart (the smaller letters), the better your vision.
- Take a cross section image of your retina using an OCT.
- Use of photography with a special dye (injected into your arm) to take photographs of the retina.
- Amsler grid: You will be shown how to watch for vision changes using the Amsler grid.
Foods to Protect Your Eyes From Macular Degeneration
Studies have shown that daily supplements, such as vitamins A, C, E, beta-carotene, zinc, and copper may reduce some risks of developing severe AMD. Talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.